Chokeberry negru cu varice Chokeberry negru cu varice


Chokeberry negru cu varice

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Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs chokeberry negru cu varice, the chokeberriesin the family Rosaceae native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. Chokeberries are cultivated as ornamental plants and as food products. The sour berries can be eaten raw off the bush, but are more frequently processed.

They can be found in wine, jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, tea, salsa, chili starters, extracts, beer, ice cream, gummies ganze ceai de ghimbir cu varice von tinctures.

Chokeberries are often mistakenly called chokecherries cu varice Cesarean, which is the common name for Prunus virginiana. Further adding to the ambiguity, a variety of Prunus virginiana is named melanocarpa[10] readily confused with black chokeberrycommonly referred to as "black chokeberry" or "aronia". Aronia berries and chokecherries are both chokeberry negru cu varice in polyphenolic compounds, such as anthocyaninsyet the two plants are distantly related within the Rosaceae family.

The leaves are alternate, simple, and oblanceolate with crenate margins and pinnate venation; in autumn the leaves turn a bold red color. Dark trichomes are present on the upper midrib surface. The flowers are small, with 5 petals and 5 sepalsand produced in corymbs of together. The fruit is a small pomewith an astringent flavor. Aronia has been thought to be closely related to Photiniaand has been included go here that genus in some classifications, [11] but botanist Cornelis Kalkman observed that a combined genus should be under the older name Aronia.

In eastern North America are two well-known species, named after their fruit color, red chokeberry and black chokeberry, plus a purple chokeberry whose origin is a natural hybrid of the two. Red chokeberry negru cu variceAronia arbutifolia Photinia pyrifoliagrows to 2—4m tall, rarely up to 6 m and 1—2 m wide. Black chokeberryAronia melanocarpa Photinia melanocarpa[3] tends to be smaller, rarely exceeding 1 m tall and 3 m wide, and spreads readily by root sprouts.

The leaves are smaller, not more than 6-cm wide, with terminal glands check this out leaf teeth and a glabrous underside. The flowers are white, 1. Purple chokeberryAronia prunifolia Photinia floribunda [4] apparently originated as a hybrid of the chokeberry negru cu varice and red chokeberries but might be more accurately considered a distinct species than a hybrid [13] see also nothospecies.

Leaves are moderately pubescent on the underside. Few to no glands are present on the sepal surface. There are purple chokeberry populations which seem to be self-sustaining independent of the two parent species — including an introduced one in northern Germany where neither chokeberry negru cu varice species occurs — leading botanist Alan Weakley to consider it a chokeberry negru cu varice species rather than a hybrid.

Aronia is considered cold hardy and heat tolerant in Chokeberry negru cu varice Zones 3 to 8. The chokeberries are attractive ornamental plants for gardens.

They are naturally understory and woodland edge plants, and grow well when planted under trees. Chokeberries are resistant to drought, insects, pollution, and disease.

A number of cultivarsincluding A. An aronia wine is made in Lithuania. In Polandaronia berries are dried to make an herbal tea sometimes blended with other flavorful ingredients, such as blackcurrant. Aronia melanocarpa black chokeberry has attracted scientific interest due to its deep purple, almost black pigmentation that arises from dense contents of polyphenolschokeberry negru cu varice anthocyanins.

The black aronia species contains higher levels of anthocyanins than purple Aronia prunifolia or red aronia Aronia arbutifoliawhereas red chokeberry negru cu varice purple aronia are richer in phenolic acid and proanthocyanins.

The plant produces these pigments mainly in the leaves and skin of the berries to protect the pulp and seeds from constant exposure to ultraviolet radiation and production of free radicals. Brightly colorful pigmentation also attracts birds and other animals to consume the chokeberry negru cu varice and disperse the seeds in their droppings.

Analysis of polyphenols in chokeberries has identified the following individual this web page among hundreds known to exist in the plant kingdom: For reference to phenolics, flavonoids, anthocyanins, and similar plant-derived phytochemicals, [22] Wikipedia has a list of phytochemicals and foods in which they are prominent.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Malus floribundaalso called purple chokeberry. Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution. Native Shrubs With Untapped Potential" PDF.

Retrieved May 24, United States Department of Agriculture. A synopsis of genera in Maloideae Rosaceae. In The families and genera of vascular plants. Limited resolution of a complex evolutionary history". Nomenclatural changes and taxonomic adjustments in some native cicoare nu, cu varice introduced species of Malinae Rosaceae in Europe".

Willdenowia - Annals of the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. US Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 1 December McKay March 17, New York Berry News. Archived from the original PDF on March 13, Retrieved 7 March Retrieved 27 March Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

United States Department of Agriculture, University of Wisconsin. Overall chokeberry negru cu varice to antioxidant activity". Retrieved 1 April Centre de Recherche de Clermont-Ferrand, Chokeberry negru cu varice. Retrieved from " https: Aronia Berries Flora of North America.

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Elliott Aronia prunifolia Marshall Rehder See also Sorbaronia mitschuriniisometimes called Aronia mitschurinii.

Adenorachis de Candolle Nieuwland Pyrus Linnaeus sect. Adenorachis de Candolle Sorbus Linnaeus sect. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aronia.


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